The impact of amygdala glutamate receptors on cardiovascular function in rats with post-traumatic stress disorder
WU Ya-Yang1,2, CAI Kun-Yi1,2, WU Yu-Jie1,2, ZHENG Chao3, WANG Meng-Ya2, ZHANG Huan-Huan1,*
1Psychophysiology Laboratory, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002, China；2Cell Electrophysiology Laboratory, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002, China；3Neurobiology Laboratory, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002, China
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been reported to be associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. The amygdala may have an important role in regulating cardiovascular function. This study aims to explore the effect of amygdala glutamate receptors (GluRs) on cardiovascular activity in a rat model of PTSD. A compound stress method combining electrical stimulation and single prolonged stress was used to prepare the PTSD model, and the difference of weight gain before and after modeling and the elevated plus maze were used to assess the PTSD model. In addition, the distribution of retrogradely labeled neurons was observed using the FluoroGold (FG) retrograde tracking technique. Western blot was used to analyze the changes of amygdala GluRs content. To further investigate the effects, artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF), non-selective GluR blocker kynurenic acid (KYN) and AMPA receptor blocker CNQX were microinjected into the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) in the PTSD rats, respectively. The changes in various indices following the injection were observed using in vivo multi-channel synchronous recording technology. The results indicated that, compared with the control group, the PTSD group exhibited significantly lower weight gain (P < 0.01) and significantly decreased ratio of open arm time (OT%) (P < 0.05). Retrograde labeling of neurons was observed in the CeA after microinjection of 0.5 µL FG in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM). The content of AMPA receptor in the PTSD group was lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05), while there was no significant differences in RVLM neuron firing frequency and heart rate (P > 0.05) following ACSF injection. However, increases in RVLM neuron firing frequency and heart rate were observed after the injection of KYN or CNQX into the CeA (P < 0.05) in the PTSD group. These findings suggest that AMPA receptors in the amygdala are engaged in the regulation of cardiovascular activity in PTSD rats, possibly by acting on inhibitory pathways.
Corresponding author: ZHANG Huan-Huan E-mail: email@example.com
Citing This Article：
WU Ya-Yang, CAI Kun-Yi, WU Yu-Jie, ZHENG Chao, WANG Meng-Ya, ZHANG Huan-Huan. The impact of amygdala glutamate receptors on cardiovascular function in rats with post-traumatic stress disorder. Acta Physiol Sin 2023; 75 (5): 611-622